Carbon dating age earth
The time required for half the original number of parent atoms to decay is called the half life.
Some half-lives are listed below: It follows that uranium-lead, potassium-argon (K-Ar), and Rubidium-Strontium (Rb-Sr) decay can be used for very long time periods, whilst radiocarbon dating can only be used up to about 70,000 years. This uses a simple exponential decay formula linking the original number, Po, of parent atoms in rocks and minerals to the P atoms now present, thereby enabling an estimate of geological age.
And OE Christians (theistic evolutionists) see no problem with this dating whilst still accepting biblical creation, see Radiometric Dating - A Christian Perspective.
This is the crucial point: it is claimed by some that an old earth supports evolutionary theory and by implication removes the need for biblical creation.
Ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica show annual layers (varves) and can be traced up to about 40,000 years before the layers become too thin due to compaction.
Similarly, annual lake sediments can be used to estimate relative age and conventional interpretation for the Green River varves suggests they have been formed over some 20 million years.
In fact, organic samples from every portion of the Phanerozoic record (spanning the last 500 million years on OE dating) show detectable amounts of C-14.
Dating Anomalies Here we outline a few dating methods or 'clocks' that present a dating anomaly when referenced to the widely accepted OE age of 4.6 billion years. At the outset we note C-14 cannot be used to directly date the earth for the simple reason that the unstable C-14 isotope has a half-life of just 5,730 years.The crucial point here is: if YE theory can be established scientifically, then macroevolutionary theory falls!Accepted Dating Methods Here we outline some dating methods, both absolute and relative, that are widely accepted and used by the scientific community.Mathematically, P = Po exp(-lambda T), where lambda = the decay constant and T = the period of decay. a zero initial number of D atoms, where P(or D) = the current number of P(or D) atoms, it follows that the age of a rock or mineral is computed as T=(1/lambda)ln(1 D/P).Using radiometric techniques, the oldest dated minerals (4.0 - 4.2 billion years) are zircon crystals found in sedimentary rocks in western Australia.